[53] The Sessions and Magistrate Courts is located on Ayer Molek Road,[53] while another court for Sharia law is located on Abu Bakar Road. They arrived in the mid 19th century, during the reign of Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim. [106] Two village libraries are available in the district of Johor Bahru. The Sri Ara Schools provide two curricula, the British-based curriculum of International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) under Cambridge International Examinations and the National Curriculum with emphasis on the English language that leads to the Malaysian Schools Certificate. The history of the city dates back to not for than one hundred and fifty years. [49][50] Johor Bahru obtained city status on 1 January 1994. The Johor Bahru Southern District traffic police headquarters is a separate entity along Tebrau Road, close to the city centre. [63] Although the climate is relatively uniform, it does show some seasonal variation due to the effects of monsoons, with noticeable changes in wind speed and direction, cloud cover and amount of rainfall. These include Austin Heights,[101] Excelsior International School,[102] Foon Yew High School and the Sri Ara Schools. Malays comprise a plurality of the population at 240,323, followed by Chinese totalling 172,609, Indians totaling 73,319 and others totalling 2,957. The second one is the south-west Monsoon, which hardly affects the rainfall in Johor Bahru, where winds are from the south and south-west. It is often overlooked in the guidebooks of Malaysia, and yet it has a colourful… Watch The Hidden History of Johor Bahru Online | Vimeo On Demand on Vimeo [114] The English College (now Maktab Sultan Abu Bakar) established in 1914 was located close to the Sungai Chat Palace before being moved to its present location at Sungai Chat Road; some of the ruins are visible at the old site. Don't subscribe [113][114], The Danga Bay is a 25 kilometres (16 mi) area of recreational waterfront. [30] Johor Bahru developed at a modest rate between the First and Second World Wars. [113], The Johor Art Gallery in Petrie Road is a house gallery built in 1910, known as the house for the former third Chief Minister of Johor, Abdullah Jaafar. Two types of taxis operate in the city; the main taxi is either in red and yellow, blue, green or red while the larger, less common type is known as a limousine taxi, which is more comfortable but expensive. The secondary schools include English College Johore Bahru, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Engku Aminah, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Sultan Ismail, Sekolah Menengah Infant Jesus Convent, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan (Perempuan) Sultan Ibrahim and Sekolah Menengah Saint Joseph. [90], The city is served by Senai International Airport located at the neighbouring Senai town and connected through Skudai Highway. Johor Bahru's Northern District police headquarters and Northern District Traffic Police headquarters are co-located in Skudai, about 20 km north of the city centre. [56][57] Johor Bahru Prison was located in the city along Ayer Molek Road, but was closed down after 122 years operation in December 2005,[58][59] its function being transferred to an expanded prison in the town of Kluang about 110 km from Johor Bahru. [113][121], The oldest cinema in the city is the Broadway Theatre which mostly screens Tamil and Hindi movies. After the formation of Malaysia in 1963, Johor Bahru retained its status as state capital and was granted city status in 1994. The secretariat building—Sultan Ibrahim Building—was completed in 1940 as the British colonial government attempted to streamline the state's administration. It was his son Temenggong Abu Bakar who renamed it Johor Bahru on 1 January 1866. [3] The city's population today is a mixture of three main ethnicities - Malays, Chinese and Indians- along with other bumiputras. This historic building is one of the oldest Hindu temple in … [130] Illegal car cloning is also rampant in the city. It was since this time that the development of Tanjung Puteri, which got renamed as Johor Bahru, started rapidly. Johor Bahru currently has seven sister cities: This article is about the city. The Malays are majority Muslims, while the Chinese are predominantly Buddhists and the Indian were mostly Hindus despite there is also a small numbers from the two ethnic groups that are Christians and Muslims. The first two floors are dedicated to and have an amazing amount of detail about the different Chinese communities that settled and on their contribution. [127][128][129], Among the more common criminal cases in Johor Bahru are robberies, snatch theft, carjacking, kidnapping and rape. 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