I����;�4i���>��*k��p�'0�֚8� �/FO�t�5��݈���vN���Xt� �k:�����i�X�z�*���Y+gѤ�L>���;�ӗ����^J�Y����t�ɫ܌x��@�N�k�����O�`䒂�]�=`'�nJl��r���I�����t���({���㇮t�;B&�֏f�-2���yy�q���'���˓�����V�� ޕ����]��+�Ui�s�S��8�X˅�ԙ��(eg%)Y��W��o�&�h�;�v'G��$>���ԝb8�#R`����,���@�#Z��e��������k��-���І�]���[���:0����R�_*��>��`�Mc�SYW �f��U]�h���q����X�}��MS��3�~[�܆�t[�͗{ߛ|����e�틆Jnu���a(j�A�LOX"�4R���Կ����l� You must be knowing, in Assam girls decorate their hair with this orchid, in BIHU dance (in their language the flower is known as KOPOP PHUL).Attaching an image of this beautiful orchid. Plant parts used: Leaf. Rhynchostylis retusa is a monopodial, epiphytic and medicinal orchid. Dendrobium moschatum, Pholidota articulate, Rhynchostylis retusa were recorded their uses and part used. 2 0 obj Fresh juice is extracted from the leaves of the plant is applied on the infected skin twice a day for three days to treat skin disease. Names of Rhynchostylis Retusa in various languages of the world are also given. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.02 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> … The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. The plant has also been used in Assam to treat wounds, cuts and bruises. <> national markets. Salahuddin Sarder, Moutushi Khan Tuti, Khoshnur Jannat and Mohammed Rahmatullah Rhynchostylis retusa. Sat 9am to 2pm. One species, Rhy. c�� A��HǾn2-����3O�%V]GI[���'�bޯ����tq�PA:�8����!`�=ߗb] ��;n�|K�@��\��n�GC]ʚ��M�:�5��HM���(���#P�P�]bF�2�2Ϣ%^6���5�H��Y�fX��O�ΰ(;�!�(=�frs4t�%W\�f�Z��=ʥ�F�Vg2e�KK��8%� ��q�!���6ۺE�W5jhݠ;�Ox>*]J�Bc���E��x�Og�zW��-���ʛ�=Ӌm����g3>>� 6��KƧi���{���d&/��#��Ů�3N���Ԩ֮+,���h�*����v��{�w����{>�%���dgG06�����c�����R@�\�Ă�" �@DAl |͛���x�\7u�/�"C`�Nf�/��H]$��N����c���P��p� �L鏗#��`���3>�M��1�y�, dT"�ef/Y`���C��ix�9�y{����_��/��9�i6E3�r��hEQ��d���f25bJo~��*5*��~�q �b u���'�\�b�C�!�K�^�X�O�^�n�C�/@-��H�2pb��+�F��Cw :�d'J�O[�����ա+g����;�O�N��߁:O��AF���4�w��L���?� c6��,�t[� �yF,1�X����[b��J{��'�C���:4��%�*��ͮ�� �69Ƌͣ���ː?&D�"�"HL��" �+��DR����|}}���a��\��X The inflorescence is a pendant raceme, consisting of more than 100 pink-spotted white flowers. Similar and additional medicinal uses have been reported for these species from Sri Lanka and India, especially V. tessellata, which, like Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume, is locally … Rhynchostylis gigantea has definitely become a collector's item in recent years with ever more unusual color forms being introduced into the marketplace. Source by vikseeder2015. gigantea is the only one that doesn't really need resting period and blooms pretty much any time of the year, but heaviest blooms from fall to winter. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. The Subtribe was changed from Sarcanthinae (Benth, 1881) to Aeridinae (Pfitzer, 1887) in 1972. Title and Authors Name ... Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume: A potential plant to cure paralysis. BROWSE ONLINE INVENTORY . 4 0 obj The plant has been used as an emollient in India and Nepal. plant, Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume (Orchidaceae family) known in English as Foxtail Orchid, used by a folk medicinal practitioner (FMP) of Naogaon district, Bangladesh to treat paralysis arising from any causes. Source by vikseeder2015. The roots of R. retusa are used in folk medicine for rheumatism, asthma, tuberculosis, nervous twitchings, cramps, infantile epilepsy, vertigo, palpitation, kidney stone, and menstrual disorders [ 4 ]. This particular Rhy. Rhynchostylis retusa f. albiflora (I.Barua & Bora) Christenson (2005) Saccolabium blumei Lindl. Under the name of rasna the root is used to t… Comparative ethnomedicinal uses of this plant and possible validation for the use of the plant in paralysis … <>>> Ethnomedicinal uses: Leaves of the plant are used for the treatment of blood dysentery, menstrual disorders, fever, and gout. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Rhynchostylis Retusa. %���� 85.00. Light: Naturally, these orchids grow in shady conditions underneath a forest canopy. 2017 reported that Rhynchostylis retusa have been used by the tribal communities of different parts of south east Bangladesh for treatment of paralysis, rheumatism, piles, Shahanoor Rohani, Tarana Afrooz, Md. endobj Rhynchostylis retusa is a monopodial, epiphytic and medicinal orchid. Plants Available: The plant available is the plant pictured in the last two photos—mature, double-spiked, just beginning to open (as of 5/6/20). Rhynchostylis retusa (also called foxtail orchid) is an orchid, belonging to the Vanda alliance. Some species of genus which are Dendrobium nobile L., Dendrobium fimbriatum Hook and Pholidota articulate Lindl. Statistics. Rhynchostylis retusa Blume: Banda, Rasna (Sanskrit) Seeta pushpa (Hindi), Fox tail orchid; Cat tail orchid: ... richest and most diverse cultural traditions called ‘folk traditions’ associated with the use medicinal herbs and it is still a living tradition in India . It can be found in Bhutan, Cambodia, China (Guizhou, Yunnan), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.[3]. In East Asia, species from other genera were used for other medicinal purposed for thousands of years, as anti-inflammatory, against fever, for pain relief, fertility and rarely as an aphrodisiac. The sap of the roots are applied as a soothing salve for minor cuts and wounds, the leaf powder for pain relief in rheumatism, and the dried orchid flowers are prepared as a natural insect repellent and to induce vomiting. RHYNCHOSTYLIS RETUSA: At this time of the year, we have Rhynchostylis retusa (a common orchid of this place) in plenty. List of various diseases cured by Rhynchostylis Retusa. Growing Conditions . ��U:jg����1_��,,+3�����o�2��5�U�h����a0U�·�� ��EL,��P¢2)�ؔ����s����_�˱$�QOFX �yˍ�Hd��]GG��;���� ���t/b���w� �ͫ�. The oldest references to the use of medicinal herbs in India are … Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Bl., a monopodial epiphytic orchid species with attractive flowers arranged in racemose inflorescence, ranks among the important Indian ornamental orchids. Several species have been found to contain alkaloids. Epiphytic orchids have special types of roots called velamen roots through which atmospheric moisture and nutrients are absorbed. Under the name of rasna the root is used to treat rheumatism throughout the Indian subcontinent.[5]. Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume Accepted Name Cat-tail Orchid Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Asparagales > Orchidaceae > Rhynchostylis > Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume Species. [citation needed] It prefers indirect lighting. Abstract. T. curculioides is an endangered plant commonly found in Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. But Kopouphool, or Rhynchostylis retusa, is special because it also has medicinal qualities. stream It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. An epiphytic orchid, it is famed for its marvellous, long-lasting blooms. Some medicinal orchids were used in antibacteria, tonic and … Rhynchostylis retusa is the type … How Rhynchostylis Retusa is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Leaves 5-9 x 3-5 cm, ovate, rounded at base and apex; golden tomentose below; petiole to 1 cm long. Adding Kopou ful to one's hair while wearing traditional Assamese attire adds elegance to the beauty of a women. retusa, is referred to as the … Medicinal plants are distributed throughout the world and widely used in everyday life as part of folk medicinal remedies. In India, the plant is most common in North-East, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. The plant has a short, stout, creeping stem carrying up to 12, curved, fleshy, deeply channeled, keeled, retuse apically leaves and blooms on an axillary pendant to 60 cm (24 in) long, racemose, densely flowered, cylindrical inflorescence that occurs in the winter and early spring. x��=ے۸���?�ڲi Ar�r�/�'���v6��I`3ה[ ��Լx�t�u�/_��|�-6�o/��������/^\�7e�we]��ͫWޛwo�7_�>y�>�"�}�~�$�B�/���Li�}�}�$�n���>���V������0����[��7u�շn4��uw��� K'��4 ��dd�p�A���7��� �~V&%Ƴ`�T��c�� �΢ �Ud(99�&�T��c��x�� 9�H�Oo?��BC�0Hb�ް ���{�o���x ��P2Ȅ�{������Ǽ����z����HNIE��\A1 ��^=������*�y�U�׫���>��_l�{�.+�/vyյ�Ż��\��P""=^u��" "5+\cet�D��F�IY �shB��b���c�@��U ��d�v�����|�`��t�r�M�hB�Ąi�m��k�(Y�Tt�V� �٪�#��N�X@u2�s`hu^VDtl�� 6, Issue 4, Part A. S. No. The Plant List includes 11 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Rhynchostylis.Of these 3 are accepted species names. Among these, Rhynchostylis retusa is a promising orchid as it has both medicinal and economic value. endobj Selecting herb vegetation on your backyard relies upon truly on what you prioritize to be used. In Malabar District various preparations of the plant were used against asthma and tuberculosis and for 'nervous twitchings' (referable possibly to tic disorder), cramp, epileptic spasms, vertigo, palpitations, kidney stone and menstrual disorder. [ Mg7�K��Kw9��\�t�ьr�S���t�%��c�܇����E�J?����} )��~�0]M��,H���).�]�,�QG8� ����:���E�^2�ps�D. Tue 9am to 4pm. In Assam, it is popularly known as কপৌ ফুল (Kopou Ful), and is an integral part of a Bihu dancer's attire. 3 0 obj have anticancer properties. The plant has been used as an emollient in India and Nepal. (3{9���t�Mg�sp�9�R�afp�_��@����[V���O��#�^�W�R����Σ���i�K������J� Z)D)r����+b�y�eq�c8�kC1�F�N�[q�6 Wed 9am to 4pm. 1 0 obj This species can … By Bishnu Saikia – Own work, CC BY 3.0, Link. So they should receive partial sunlight, and take care not to put them directly under the sun: Rhynchostylis plants are sensitive to bright light. Editorial use only photos don't have any model or property releases, which means they can't be used for commercial, promotional, advertorial or endorsement purposes. Rhychostylis retusa is recognized as the state flower of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India as well the Uva Province of Sri Lanka. This orchid is closely linked with the people of Assam and known as Kopou Phul in Assamese language. &�쌉ŝ:M� t�> p*O'��h�X� Z��T��� 4�� hK�%K�EKQK�@�2! of medicinal importance [2]. Flowering usually occurs in late spring. <> retusa bloom during fall/winter and coelestics blooms from late spring-early fall and both bloom after slight dry cool rest. Parasitic shrubs; branches erect, tomentose. Feed Rhynchostylis foxtail orchids every other watering, using a balanced fertilizer with an NPK ratio, such as 20-20-20. Due to bio-piracy,[citation needed] the plant is on the verge of extinction in India. (1841) Saccolabium blumei var. During the winter, the plant benefits from a light feeding every three weeks, using the same fertilizer mixed to half strength. Such is its beauty, usefulness and broad cultural significance in the state, that this spectacular wildflower is also grown as a much-loved garden plant by almost all Assamese families and has justly been adopted as the state flower of Assam. majus F.Buyss. USE OF ORCHIDS IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE Orchids like Brachycorythis obcordata, Coelogyne cristata, Dactylorhiza hatagirea, In many countries, orchids have been used Otochilus porrectus, Rhynchostylis retusa, as traditional drugs for a very long time (Bulpit Satyrium nepalense and Vanda cristata are still et al., 2007). retusa is the Indian variety—a far less common find than the Thai retusas typically grown and sold in the states. Water: When it comes to water, very moist, humid conditions are necessary.Mist … The plant has also been used in Assam to treat wounds, cuts and bruises. The unmistakeable spicy fragrance is consistent across this genus, whether the species blooms in the winter or summer. (2011) reported the medicinal use of R. retusa in Nepal: the sap of the roots is applied to cuts and wounds, leaf powder is used to treat rheumatism, and the dried flowers are used as an insect repellent and to induce vomiting. Rhynchostylis orchid has typical Vandaceous habitus – it is a monopodial plant with leathery leaves, which are oppositely arranged, silvery-green roots with thick velamen layer, and flowers, born in racemes. Arditti,Joseph,pub.Comstock Publishing Associates - a division of Cornell University Press 1984, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhynchostylis_retusa&oldid=991187023, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 19:10. This type of content is intended to be used in connection with events that are newsworthy or of general interest (for example, in a blog, textbook, newspaper … ��Do+1��m���(�`���s��0�̎B�yr=nX��S��{u�U�s_�}2,�a��a�Ő��@�*&��������~ �%UAO�\��I#�da�‹�-��G18�EЖ(J��o.���B�p!�S#.��u@{��z�6`v��z�2�Qυ�u���F3_m�j],iAD~g�%�;C�h�s侮y\*�:�1�y��܀Z*m=�ES_m[7�ٸ��W�-����Î|�@�����ɌK$?1��u ��E��\�u�{ ;���m���o#cM� �1#��9��`Ҟ}�������=�޸�F��� �z�;�sN$5Ɩ��q/��8��[�4ɲ��bJ-���* Subedi et al. The flowering spike (inflorescence) is used by the girls to adorn their Fri 9am to 4pm. Hours. The Indian retusa is also notable for its … In Nepal, Rhynchostylis retusa orchids were reportedly used as an ingredient in traditional herbal medicine. %PDF-1.5 The Plant List includes a further 4 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Rhynchostylis.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of … Alternatively, feed the plant weekly, using a fertilizer mixed to one … Rhynchostylis retusa (bihu orchid) the species of the genus Rhynchostylis has its wide distribution in the whole of the Northeastern region. Medicinal orchids prefer tropical climate though, a few of them grow under ex-treme climatic conditions also. Feb 22, 2020 - Rhynchostylis retusa! It could be a variety of backyard supposed for culinary, medicinal or ornamental functions and on the … 2018, Vol. Palmer Orchids. It is famous for its use as an hair-ornament worn by Assamese women during folk dance Bihu on the onset of spring. In Andhra Pradesh, the plant is called by Telugu name Chintaranamu. Rhynchostylis retusa is a medicinal orchid, used to cure blood dysentery, Tuberculosis, epilepsy, menstrual disorders, fewer, gout, Asthma, rheumatism, Malarial fewer etc. Rhynchostylis retusa. �e ��d�0���#E��� �s������S(���"vi)���P)��X�%g��B���tʹ���.�$��H�鮳����Xޣ� ӥ�^2-�ՎϏ�k.4I6�������W+1Tk�)4wϕ��o�]5�S���_�uS4�J�H��hnIw�)��U�7t]И��z��N����K������q��x`�HB�ۊv�8�!�v�;cwK{e���5Q���#zt�.-�:����{ Considering serenity of the habitat of AR and traditional use of orchids by the locals, we selected three relatively unexplored plants in-cluding Rhynchostylis retusa (Rr), Tropidia curculioides Akhter et al. The plant is considered to be a symbol of love, fertility and merriment and, for this reason, the inflorescence forms an essential element in the traditional Assamese marriage ceremony. The genus possesses valuable medicinal properties meriting in-depth pharmacological investigation, including antispasmodic and antiseptic activity. 22700 Taylor Drive, Bradenton, FL, 34211, United States (941) 322-1644 ashley.palmerorchids@gmail.com. [2], The plant is an epiphyte growing on tree trunks in open forests or at forest margins at elevations of 300–1,500 m (980–4,920 ft). Orchid Biology: Reviews and Perspectives, III ed. Roots of V. tessellata were used to treat scorpion stings, bronchitis, and rheumatism, and a leaf paste of this species was used to suppress fever. The plant requires regular watering and applications of fertilizer throughout the year,[2] although it will die if the leaves are wet frequently. Feb 22, 2020 - Rhynchostylis retusa! endobj [4], In Malabar District various preparations of the plant were used against asthma and tuberculosis and for 'nervous twitchings' (referable possibly to tic disorder), cramp, epileptic spasms, vertigo, palpitations, kidney stone and menstrual disorder. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal … Rhynchostylis gigantea. Women use this flower as a head ornament and wear it around their bun while they dance bihu, a folk dance of Assam. Also Read About Assam I hope the article "Foxtail Orchid (Rhynchostylis retusa) or Kopou Flower" … Thu 9am to 4pm. Comparative population studies using PCR based markers, RAPD and ISSR, were performed to assess the genetic diversity of the wild orchid.