In response to this, the Canadian Sea Otter Recovery Team formed an oil response plan specifically for the sea otter, and implemented it in 2004 (Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 2013). Sea otters spend a lot of their time floating on their backs—they rest, groom and eat in this position. Sea otters in southeast Alaska are not listed as threatened or endangered, but the agency cannot intervene to protect commercial fisheries until a species is at "optimum sustainable population." During the late 1700s and 1800s, the sea otter was heavily hunted on the Pacific coast. OCEANWALKERS Sea Otters live in coastal waters & estuaries. ), the Sea Otter population in Canada has increased to about 900 animals and has been growing at a rate of 17 to 20 percent per year. explains why and how the sea otter is endangered Essay by lastminutechic88 , High School, 10th grade , A , October 2004 download word file , … “Sea otters probably numbered in the thousands in this estuary prior to being driven to local extinction by overhunting,” the researchers noted in the study. ever sea otters and commercial and subsistence invertebrate fisheries exist in California, Alaska, and British Columbia. However, 89 sea otters were reintroduced to the coast of BC from 1969-1972. Stats reveal that many otters died between years 1999-2006 of shark bites. Sea otters are a keystone species, meaning their role in their environment has a greater effect than other species. Photo: BritishColumbia.com. Canada was missing its smallest marine animal until 1969, when 89 Alaskan sea otters were relocated to Checleset Bay, off northwest Vancouver Island. The Sea Otter was originally listed as “Threatened” under the Act, but was subsequently listed at a lower risk level of “Special Concern” following the 2007 assessment by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) as “Special Concern” due to the increased population growth and expansion into historic range. Another endangered sea otter species is known as the european otter, also known as eurasian river otter, common otter, and old world otter. The sea otter was placed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 1973 and is now listed on CITES Appendix I and II. The river otter is protected and insulated by a thick, water-repellent coat of fur. The last verified sea otter in Canada was shot near Kyuquot, British Columbia (BC), in 1929. Sea Otters in California and Western Alaska are listed federally under the United States 2. The sea otter has increased its population by "an average of well over 100 per cent" in the past 50 years, according to the WWF's report released Tuesday, but remains at risk of extinction. By 1900, sea otters were on the verge of extinction; the last documented sighting in British Columbia was in 1929. Sea otters today are considered a species that is endangered. Existing protection In Canada sea otters were federally listed as Threatened in 2003 and under the Species at Risk Act are protected from killing, harming, capturing, and harassing. The IUCN Red List has listed sea otters as an endangered species since 2000 and their current population status is decreasing. As top predators, sea otters are critical to maintaining the balance of nearshore ecosystems, such as kelp forests, embayments and estuaries. The Sea Otter has been assigned Endangered status by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (cosewic), and receives legal protec-tion as a marine mammal under the Canada Fisheries Act. Search Aquatic Species at Risk. According to the U.S. Sea otters are commonly seen in large groups, while river otters rarely occur in groups larger than a single family which may include 3-4 young. Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris), largest and most marine weasel, lives exclusively in shallow seas of the N Pacific, formerly from Japan to California.Ruthless hunting for their valuable pelts almost exterminated sea otters before 1900. They also have a reduced population size, which puts them in danger of becoming extinct. Their numbers slowly increased, and their endangered status was downgraded to threatened in 1996, then to special concern in 2007. In Canada, endangered or extinct animals are divided into four categories: Extirpated Endangered Today the species is protected under the Endangered Species Act & Marine Mammal Protection Act. Some species are already protected under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) while some are under consideration for addition to the Act.Please check back regularly for … Sea otters live and play in the waters off the Pacific coast. An adult North American river otter can weigh between 5.0 and 14 kg (11.0 and 30.9 lb). Sea otters usually have a … Also on the list of endangered animals of Canada are the American eel, the Atlantic Bluefin tuna, the Atlantic halibut, the black-footed ferret, the Blanding’s turtle, the blue whale, and the copper redhorse. Ranging from climate change, to oil spills, to pollution there are many threats that have hindered sea otters from being more prosperous and being upgraded from endangered to threatened. As of 2020, the sea otter is considered Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species. Sea otters have low genetic diversity, which could endanger their health as a species, a UCLA-led team of life scientists has discovered. River otters do not. Management Plan for the Sea Otter 2014 2 government also established the Checleset Bay Ecological Reserve in 1981, protecting 33,321 ha of marine habitat, or 3% of the Area of Occurrence for the species in Canada. Everything from sea otters to leatherback turtles, from whooping cranes to wood bison are at risk” [wwf.ca]. They are regarded as an endangered species by international regulations, and without additional protection, they may become extinct in the near future. Sea Protection has permitted them to increase and reoccupy much of their former range. The Sea Otter was hunted to near extinction in the 19th century. Sea otters, for instance, must eat around 25-30% of their body weight in sea urchins, clams, and crabs daily in order to maintain their high metabolic rate. They are one of the few animals known to use tools – they use small rocks to open shellfish. Sea Otter off the coast of British Columbia, Canada. People actively hunted for the sea otters’ wool in the 18th century, which meant destructive influence for the species, and sea otters began to occur less frequently and less frequently in the natural habitat. WWF-Canada works to save a growing number of threatened and endangered species. Biology - The sea otter feeds on clams, sea urchins, abalone, crabs, mussels, starfish and fish. European otter. The otters were hunted for their pelts, and a total of around 55,000 otter pelts were taken from North America. This species of sea otter is actually native to the Eurasia. When they try to groom their fur by licking, they ingest the poisonous oil and die of toxicity. 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